The Icario winery is situated in Località Fucile, in the Montepulciano hills in Valdichiana. This area is a picturesque landscape of gentle contours, with the characteristic colors of the clay and golden tuff soils criss-crossed with bright streams. This beautiful, atmospheric setting is a land of wine and olives, a “terra grossa” where the soil bears the marks of its marine origins and is rich in fossils. Wine is the fruit of its vine. Although this might sound obvious, nothing better encapsulates the philosophy behind the traditional, and most successful approach to wine-making. This is why it is important to make the most of indigenous grape varieties, and select new ones with extreme care. Here on the Icario estate each cutting is selected with great care, and before that the land where it is to be cultivated must be prepared. On the estate, after in-depth research by specialized technicians, we have carried out excavation, leveling and drainage work in full respect of the surrounding environment. It is easy to see the great care which goes into our vineyards from one look at the 22 hectares which flourish over an entire valley. The vineyards occupy six hill crests, and feature two grands crus, where the natural qualities of the Prugnolo Gentile (Sangiovese), Merlot, Pinot Nero and Pinot Grigio (the only white varietal), varieties come to the fore. The Gujot cultivation technique is applied, with around 6,000 to 6,500 cuttings per hectare. Paradoxically, the poor quality of the soil in the area is a good thing for the quality of the wine produced, because it means that the vines concentrate all their energies in a low grape yield. The altitude of the terrain, from 450 to 550 meters above sea level, an annual rainfall of 740 mm, and an average temperature of 14°C, together with the composition of the soil, determine the characteristics of the Icario reds. Other important factors which contribute to the quality of the wines are manual harvesting by case, and ripening and girdling of the vines before harvest, practices which are much used in the production of the great French wines. The “Icario Project” aims to achieve maximum quality. This is why we have chosen to leave our traditional medium-sized cellars in favour of brand new premises designed by one of the most famous Italian architects: a blend of functional aspects, innovation, and tradition, all perfectly integrated with the environment and in a setting of great style.