In the heart of the production area of Vino Nobile, in the centre of the valley that is dominated by the medieval borgo of Montepulciano, there is a small stream – the Salcheto. Its course delineates the northern boundary of the estate that took its name some 15 years ago.
Salcheto was founded in 1984, but the project of making wine came to fruition only in 1990 as the natural evolution of a passion for nature and the rhythms of life in the vineyard. From that passion and due to the intrinsic personality and quality of the wine itself, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG Salcheto saw the light.
Salcheto covers a total of 46 hectares, of which 30 hectares are vineyards, all situated at an average altitude that is among the highest in the area, 450 meters (1,476 feet). The estate’s center, from the standpoint of geography as well as operations, is a classic farmhouse overlooking the vineyards and once occupied by Tuscan sharecroppers.The tufa-clay composition of the soil is of Pliocene origin.
Due to the exposition and orientation of the vineyards (facing south, southeast), the vines are exposed to sunlight throughout the day. The most extensively cultivated varieties are Prugnolo Gentile, as the clone of Sangiovese selected for the production of Vino Nobile is known at Montepulciano, Canaiolo and Mammolo. There is also a small plot of Merlot, planted in 1999 in a plot specifically and exclusively dedicated to this vine.
The vineyards are divided into two nuclei. The first original vineyard, covers a total of about 15 hectares, whilst the second, Poggio Piglia, is located at Chiusi and its eight hectares of vines provide grapes for the production of Chianti Colli Senesi. There is a further plot of around 7 hectares near Poggio Piglia added in 2005 and also used for Chianti.
The vineyards are between 4 and 26 years old. The Nobile vineyeards in the Montepulciano estate are, on average, between 7 and 9 years old whilst the planting of the clonal selection in the Salco vineyards was begun in the mid 1980s and 1992.
Care of the Salcheto vineyards aims at establishing balanced plants and, to achieve this, the technical team intervenes frequently during the year. The grapes are hand-picked with up to three selections of the rows and using 20kg baskets for the immediate transfer to the cellar.